Horticulture | Global Edu Consulting



Horticulture is the most traditional agricultural field. It's an applied science that deals with fruits, vegetables, and decorative flowers. Horticulturists work with plants to improve their quality, productivity, growth, nutritional value, and resistance to diseases and insects through cultivation and propagation. Horticulture is now regarded as one of the most rapidly growing areas in agriculture, and it is a key area for stimulating agricultural growth, owing to rapidly changing domestic eating trends toward more nutritious foods, as well as rising international demand.

- Career Scope in Horticulture

  • Horticultural Therapist

Horticultural therapists treat patients with cognitive and physical problems by using their knowledge of plants.

  • Researcher / Horticultural scientist

Researchers in this discipline investigate plant genetics and design plants that have natural immunity to illnesses and resistance to environmental damage.

  • Nurseries

This career involves growing plants from seedlings and ensuring that they survive their complete life cycle.

  • Landscaping

This entails using one's knowledge of plants, flowers, irrigation, and trees to create and maintain commercial and residential landscapes. It's also necessary to have a good sense of design.

  • Floriculturist

Floriculturists research how to develop leafy flowers and plants, as well as how to market them. Their area of expertise is interior/exterior landscape planning and design for recreational spaces, parks, industrial sites, retail malls, and other projects.

  • Olericulturist

'Olericulture' is the study of vegetable cultivation. Olericulturists work in a variety of settings, including enterprises, universities, research institutes, and other organizations. As the seed industry expands, vegetable farmers are in high demand in the private sector.

  • Pomologist

Fruit plants have been identified as the principal suppliers of vitamins, protein, antioxidants, and carbs, and pomologists study their growth, production, post-harvest, processing, storage, and value addition. Pomologists work for a variety of institutions, including companies, the ICAR, state agricultural universities, and others.

  • Viticulturist

Horticulture includes the field of viticulture. Viticulturists work in vineyards, studying and producing grapes for the creation of wine. To boost grape quality and yield, they produce new varieties, tweak old types, and control pests and nutrients.


- How to Opt a Career in Horticulture

Options Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
1 Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (English is mandatory) Pursue B.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 3 years Pursue M.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 2 years Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job
2 Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (English is mandatory) Pursue B. Sc. Agriculture (Hons.) for 3 years Pursue M.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 2 years Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job


- Quick Facts

  • Math is a required subject at some colleges for students in Class XII.
  • Must have received at least 50% in all subjects, including English, in class 12th or senior high school.
  • For B. Sc. courses, the minimum age requirement is 17 years old.

- Top Horticulture Colleges in India

College Location
Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry Himachal Pradesh
Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth Maharashtra
Navsari Agricultural University Gujarat
Indira Gandhi KrishiVishwavidyalaya Chhattisgarh
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Junagadh Agricultural University Gujarat
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth Pune, Maharashtra
Anand Agricultural University Gujarat
IGNOU, Delhi Delhi
ICAR- Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture Utter Pradesh
Thanthai Roever Institute of Agriculture and Rural Development (TRIARD) Tamilnadu
University of Horticultural Sciences Karnataka
Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Tamil Nadu
Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agricultural Technology and Sciences (SHIATS) Uttar Pradesh


- Top Horticulture Colleges in the World

Institution Location
Cornell University United States
University of Florida United States
University of California, Davis United States
University of Wisconsin-Madison United States
Lincoln University New Zealand
Massey University New Zealand
University of British Columbia Canada


- Entrance Exams For Horticulture

Undergraduate - 

College Tentative Date Important Elements
JEE Main April Physics, Chemistry, Maths
KEAM April Physics, Chemistry, Maths
EAMCET April Biology, Physics, Chemistry
ICAR-AIEEA May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
GUJCET May Physics, Chemistry, Biology
GBPUAT June Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
JET May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Agriculture, Biology
CET GADVASU June Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths
SHIATS June-July General Aptitude, Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths
WBJEE May Physics, Chemistry, Maths

Postgraduate - 


- Job Description

  • Pest, disease, and weed management programs are supervised, as are health and hygiene practices.
  • As products change throughout the year, planning, maintaining, and operating transplanting lines in a green house is necessary.
  • Examining horticultural operations' produce, costs, and profitability Developing new or enhanced business and working strategies
  • Product development and negotiation with customers and suppliers
  • Managing the trading system and assisting with the structure's operation, storage, and product transportation
  • Assuring that the items' quality, health, safety, and hygienic standards and principles are met.
  • Keeping track of financial records, budgets, and accounts Keeping up with the times.

- Pros & Cons of a Career in Horticulture

Pros -

  • Because horticulture is a rapidly growing profession, there are several job prospects accessible.
  • Professionals have the opportunity to work in a range of settings, including laboratories, offices, the field, and greenhouses.

Cons -

  • Salaries range from low to mid-range.
  • There is a risk of being exposed to harmful chemicals.