Horticulture is the most traditional agricultural field. It's an applied science that deals with fruits, vegetables, and decorative flowers. Horticulturists work with plants to improve their quality, productivity, growth, nutritional value, and resistance to diseases and insects through cultivation and propagation. Horticulture is now regarded as one of the most rapidly growing areas in agriculture, and it is a key area for stimulating agricultural growth, owing to rapidly changing domestic eating trends toward more nutritious foods, as well as rising international demand.
- Career Scope in Horticulture
Horticultural therapists treat patients with cognitive and physical problems by using their knowledge of plants.
Researchers in this discipline investigate plant genetics and design plants that have natural immunity to illnesses and resistance to environmental damage.
This career involves growing plants from seedlings and ensuring that they survive their complete life cycle.
This entails using one's knowledge of plants, flowers, irrigation, and trees to create and maintain commercial and residential landscapes. It's also necessary to have a good sense of design.
Floriculturists research how to develop leafy flowers and plants, as well as how to market them. Their area of expertise is interior/exterior landscape planning and design for recreational spaces, parks, industrial sites, retail malls, and other projects.
'Olericulture' is the study of vegetable cultivation. Olericulturists work in a variety of settings, including enterprises, universities, research institutes, and other organizations. As the seed industry expands, vegetable farmers are in high demand in the private sector.
Fruit plants have been identified as the principal suppliers of vitamins, protein, antioxidants, and carbs, and pomologists study their growth, production, post-harvest, processing, storage, and value addition. Pomologists work for a variety of institutions, including companies, the ICAR, state agricultural universities, and others.
Horticulture includes the field of viticulture. Viticulturists work in vineyards, studying and producing grapes for the creation of wine. To boost grape quality and yield, they produce new varieties, tweak old types, and control pests and nutrients.
- How to Opt a Career in Horticulture
|Options||Stream||Graduation||After Graduation||After Post Graduation|
|1||Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (English is mandatory)||Pursue B.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 3 years||Pursue M.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 2 years||Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job|
|2||Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (English is mandatory)||Pursue B. Sc. Agriculture (Hons.) for 3 years||Pursue M.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 2 years||Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job|
- Quick Facts
- Top Horticulture Colleges in India
|Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry||Himachal Pradesh|
|Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth||Maharashtra|
|Navsari Agricultural University||Gujarat|
|Indira Gandhi KrishiVishwavidyalaya||Chhattisgarh|
|Tamil Nadu Agricultural University||Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu|
|Junagadh Agricultural University||Gujarat|
|Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth||Pune, Maharashtra|
|Anand Agricultural University||Gujarat|
|ICAR- Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture||Utter Pradesh|
|Thanthai Roever Institute of Agriculture and Rural Development (TRIARD)||Tamilnadu|
|University of Horticultural Sciences||Karnataka|
|Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University||Tamil Nadu|
|Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agricultural Technology and Sciences (SHIATS)||Uttar Pradesh|
- Top Horticulture Colleges in the World
|Cornell University||United States|
|University of Florida||United States|
|University of California, Davis||United States|
|University of Wisconsin-Madison||United States|
|Lincoln University||New Zealand|
|Massey University||New Zealand|
|University of British Columbia||Canada|
- Entrance Exams For Horticulture
|College||Tentative Date||Important Elements|
|JEE Main||April||Physics, Chemistry, Maths|
|KEAM||April||Physics, Chemistry, Maths|
|EAMCET||April||Biology, Physics, Chemistry|
|ICAR-AIEEA||May||Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture|
|GUJCET||May||Physics, Chemistry, Biology|
|GBPUAT||June||Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture|
|JET||May||Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Agriculture, Biology|
|CET GADVASU||June||Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths|
|SHIATS||June-July||General Aptitude, Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths|
|WBJEE||May||Physics, Chemistry, Maths|
- Job Description
- Pros & Cons of a Career in Horticulture
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